Gircha 

( Girča wakhi, گرچہ Urdu ) is a village in the Gojal Tehsil of Hunza in the Gilgit Baltistan region of Pakistan. It is one of the oldest Wakhi villages of upper Gojal Hunza, settled by Bobo e Sufi, who was the first man to settle in the region and the ancestor of present wakhis. When clans of Bobo e Sufi settled in Avegarch they used Gircha to grow crops.

Gircha remained a center of activities in the era of Mir of Hunza afterwards, when Mir Sulum asked Avegarchic to build a fort (Qelha) so that he could get help from Avegarchics, when he started dealing through the Silk Road. Gircha was later Settled by some other wakhis from Wakhan. Some Burushashki speaking families from central Hunza were settled during the reign of Mir Nazim Khan and plots of land were allotted to settlers of Nazimabad. Gircha has long served as home and helped many new migrants settle in the region. It has gone under destructive soil erosion which has forced Girchaics to move to other villages, namely Ghalapan, Muurkhun, Jamalabad, Sost and Nazimabad. The language spoken in the Gircha village is called Wakhi.

Etmology

The word "Gircha" is considered to come from Grich which means a hut near spring water. An alternative theory supposes that Gircha comes from the snail shell/ Kišrif Wakhi or reefs found in Gircha, which are of great archeological interest.

According to numerology, the study of the significance of numbers, one is the life path number for Gircha.


Ethnicity

About 89% Wakhi from wakhan having a IndoIranian Origin which is considered as old Persian by some researchers and 11% Burushaski , with a Macedonian origin from Central Hunza


Gul e Gircha and the song

Gircha was called Gul e Gircha which show great love as it nurtured many people and was a place for gathering at many occasion for celebration, new immigrants usually used to came to Girchaic Farms and orchards to help in work and take some fruit or grains as a reward for their families. Most immigrants have to look for Gircha as they used to to grind their wheat and other grains before they could reach spring while Gircha had sufficient amount of crop to help others.

There is a famous song to show love for Gircha, which got popularity and more sympathy when Gircha was flooded and started erosion. It is said that women used of other villages around used to sing the Gul e Gircha song and cry out while witnessing the destruction.

some part those are alive in there words are as:

 

Gыl ə Girča I ca kыx̌tan jiδa

Har gыl I dəm dыṣ̌ta, Kišrif I yao məwa

Seldeṣ̌ mыrdыm , yem Miri ar marka

Yever daš astam ẓ̌ы šarhat xona

Har inson at jin a mыsofir xona

Dыšman ve destan yišan a qəlha

Dust yor ver xыn rang kыča

dəm wыndr i tilo, sk ɣiš da ɣыv kina

cəm taɣman obod, deyor išt kыšod

Pir va šuprga, vərxыv taš ilm ə nыsxa


History

Gircha according to the narrations was twice flown away the flood. The evident could be seen through the easy of river cutting of Gircha in 1982 then under the bottom of Gircha 200 ft below, the cutting of wood were found by the people who took them along with them to their respective houses and used as fire wood. These part of wood are estimated by the local people as thousands of years ago. Gircha was taken away by two nallahs. Sarteez nallah and Dilboy nallah. Sarteez has remained the barren land. The settlement of the people was in the center of Gircha. Previously the people used to come from Avgarch to Gircha only for the purpose of irrigation .during these period the land in Galapan and Sost were barren, while the population of Gircha would have comprised on six household only. It is said that during this period, the Kirghz people also used to reside in Avgarch valley and they used to bring the looted stuffs from the today’s central Asia while also plundering the stuff from Avgarch and other places used to take along with them to their respective places in central Aisa. In the same manner, the people of this areas(Avgarch) used to go for the forays in those areas of Kirghiz whether in Saikol or Yarkand or Badakshan. Thus, these narrations endorse the statement about these people’s history who went through the stages of savagery and barbarianism.

After long period, the flood came from Dilboy, just opposite the Gircha village and blocked the Khunzhrave (Khunjerab) river, slowly and gradually the river started taking away the land of Gircha. if the flood of Dilboy had not come then Gircha would have been the international spot rather than Sost. The beautiful landscape of Gircha along with its bright springs is the evident for such historical events but unfortunately the new generations of this region are unaware of their history and traditions. Gircha was and extensive village in terms of its territory within this village there was a big fort along with mosque constructed by Nazar Ali Shah who has been and envoy to Sarikol and Yarkhund during the former rulers of Hunza. Nazar Ali Shah had built this mosque with the name of his mother Bibi Nikbakht. During the period of blockage of khunzhrave river according to narrations it is 150 year ago, this river when approached the fort as different clans were namely RumiKtor, Poshktor,Arbobktor,Khik Ktor used to live in it, these flowing away the fort and most of them migrated to nearby villages Moorkhun, Ghalapan, Jamalabad, Sost. Ghulam ali shah s/o of Nazar Ali Shah took up the mosque and reconstructed it up, whereby the KKH these days passes. It becomes nearly seventy year for its reconstruction.


Bobo e Sufi

Bobo e Sufi is purportedly the first man to settle in the Avegarch region of Hunza. Sources disagree on the reason why Bobo e Sufi migrated to the region from the Badkhshan. One theory argues that he has came to Gircha as a Ismaili Dai, a missionary of Nasir Khusraw. Another theory argues that Bobo e Sufi emigrated to the region to escape a dangerous environment during the rule of Mir of Badakhshan, who was killing rebels at the time.

He traveled into the Khuunzhirav (Wakhi) valley and first settled in Sost then moved to Gircha because of spring and the vast land. He further moved and made Avegarch as home which was safer than Gircha and Sost as it is deep in valley, away from main route of Khirghiz nomads who are said to coexist with Wakhis, who have looted and Killed each other at different periods. Bobo Sufi had a Son Quba, Quba's wife is known is Jaa (Khatija), who together had two sons Bash, Chiqer and a daughter Muurwori. Now they exist as three major families; Rumi kutor (clan of younger son Chiqer), Arbob Kutor (Hofiz clan), Posh kutor (from Punjshambi) and Chorshumbi while chorshumbi kutor has more affiliation with Posh so they have been named as Posh Kutors.


First School of the region

Gircha has the honor of having the first school, under the Diamond Jubilee school Programs of 1905 by Aga Khan 3rd. Which was later shifted to other villages after Gircha Erosion because of population shift. The old school building still exists.


Ladies Vocational Centre

Women have been doing handicraft works for many years under flagship of Khawateen Tanzim Gircha, which was later supported by CAI establishing a facility, and well equipping it. This centre holds training sessions for female members of the village on different aspects of handicrafts and tailoring.


Electric Power House

A 30Kw/H Power House was installed by locals with help of USAID small grant project, which makes Gircha self-sufficient in electric power.


Fish Farm

A 200 X 30 Fishfarm has been installed for production of trout in the spring water of Gircha.


Veterinary Clinic

A government veterinary clinic is functioning in Gircha, providing medical services to the locals' animals. It's the only one of its kind in the region.